Can You Pass The U.S. Citizenship Test?

Can you pass the U.S. citizenship test? Pick at random any six questions from the below list and see if you can pass the test that a shocking number of Americans fail. (The answers appear below.)

Section One – American Government

Part A: Principles of American Democracy

1. What is the supreme law of the land?

2. What does the Constitution do?

3. The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?
4. What is an amendment?

5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?

6. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?

7. How many amendments does the Constitution have?

8. What did the Declaration of Independence do?

9. What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?

10. What is freedom of religion?

11. What is the economic system in the United States?

12. What is the ‘rule of law’?

Part B: System of Government

13. Name one branch or part of the government.

14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?

16. Who makes federal laws?

17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?

18. How many U.S. Senators are there?

19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

20. Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?

21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

22. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

23. Name your U.S. Representative.

24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

25. Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?

26. We elect a President for how many years?

27. In what month do we vote for President?

28. What is the name of the President of the United States now?

29. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?

30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

31. If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

32. Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?

33. Who signs bills to become laws?

34. Who vetoes bills?

35. What does the President’s Cabinet do?

36. What are two Cabinet-level positions?

37. What does the judicial branch do?

38. What is the highest court in the United States?

39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?

41. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?

42. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?

43. Who is the Governor of your state now?

44. What is the capital of your state?

45. What are the two major political parties in the United States?

46. What is the political party of the President now?

47. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

Part C: Rights and Responsibilities
48. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.

49. What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?

50. Name one right only for United States citizens.

51. What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?

52. What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?

53. What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?

54. How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?

55. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?

56. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?

57. When must all men register for the Selective Service?

Section 2 – American history

Part A: Colonial Period and Independence

58. What is one reason colonists came to America?

59. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?

60. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?

61. Why did the colonists fight the British?

62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

63. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

64. There were 13 original states. Name three.

65. What happened at the Constitutional Convention?

66. When was the Constitution written?

67. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.

68. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?

69. Who is the ‘Father of Our Country’?

70. Who was the first President?

Part B: The 1800s

71. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?

72. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.

73. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.

74. Name one problem that led to the Civil War.

75. What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?

76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

77. What did Susan B. Anthony do?

Part C: Recent American History and Other Important Historical Information

78. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.

79. Who was President during World War I?

80. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?

81. Who did the United States fight in World War II?

82. Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?

83. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?

84. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?

85. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?

86. What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?

87. Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.

Section 3 – Integrated Civics

Part A – Geography

88. Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.

89. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?

90. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?

91. Name one U.S. territory.

92. Name one state that borders Canada.

93. Name one state that borders Mexico.

94. What is the capital of the United States?

95. Where is the Statue of Liberty?

Part B: Symbols

96. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?

97. Why does the flag have 50 stars?

98. What is the name of the national anthem?

Part C: Holidays

99. When do we celebrate Independence Day?

100. Name two national U.S. holidays


Section One – American Government

Part A: Principles of American Democracy

1. The Constitution

2. Sets up the government, defines the government, protects basic rights of Americans.

3. We the People

4. A change to the Constitution or an addition to the Constitution

5. The Bill of Rights

6. Any of: speech, religion, assembly, press, petition the government

7. 27

8. Announced independence from Great Britain

9. Any two of: life, liberty, pursuit of happiness

10. You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.

11. Capitalist economy or market economy

12. Everyone must follow the law, leaders must obey the law, government must obey the law and no one is above the law.

Part B: System of Government

13. Any of: Congress, legislative, President, executive, the courts, judicial

14. Checks and balances and separation of powers

15. The President

16. Congress, Senate and House of Representatives, U.S. or national legislature

17. The Senate and House of Representatives

18. 100

19. Six

20. Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories should answer that D.C. (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.]

21. 435

22. Two

23. Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or Resident Commissioners may provide the name of that Delegate or Commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no voting Representatives in Congress.]

24. All people of the state

25. State population

26. Four

27. November

28. Barack Obama

29. Joe Biden

30. The Vice President

31. The Speaker of the House

32. The President

33. The President

34. The President

35. Advises the President

36. Any two of: Secretary of Agriculture, Secretary of Commerce, Secretary of Defense, Secretary of Education, Secretary of Energy, Secretary of Health and Human Services, Secretary of Homeland Security, Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, Secretary of the Interior, Secretary of Labor, Secretary of State, Secretary of Transportation, Secretary of the Treasury, Secretary of Veterans Affairs, Attorney General, Vice President.

37. Reviews laws, explains laws, resolves disputes, decides if a law goes against the Constitution.

38. The Supreme Court

39. Nine

40. John Roberts

41. Any one of: printing money, declaring war, creating an army, making treaties.

42. Any one of: provide schooling and education, provide protection (police), provide safety (fire departments), give a driver’s license, approve zoning and land use.

43. Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. does not have a Governor.]

44. Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. is not a state and does not have a capital. Residents of U.S. territories should name the capital of the territory.]

45. Democratic and Republican

46. Democratic Party

47. John Boehner

Part C: Rights and Responsibilities

48. Any one of: Citizens (18) and older can vote, you don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote, any citizen can vote, women and men can vote, a male citizen of any race (can vote).

49. Either of: serve on a jury, vote in a federal election

50. Either of: vote in a federal election, run for federal office.

51. Any two of: freedom of expression, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, freedom to petition the government, freedom of worship, the right to bear arms.

52. The United States, the flag

53. Any of: give up loyalty to other countries, defend the Constitution and laws of the United States, obey the laws of the United States, serve in the U.S. military (if needed), serve the nation (if needed), be loyal to the United States.

54. 18 and older

55. Any two of: vote, join a political party, help with a campaign, join a civic group, join a community group, give an elected official your opinion on an issue, call Senators and Representatives, publicly support or oppose an issue or policy, run for office, write to a newspaper.

56. April 15

57. Between 18 and 26

Section 2 – American history

Part A: Colonial Period and Independence
58. Any of: freedom, political liberty, religious freedom, economic opportunity, practice their religion, escape persecution

59. Native Americans

60. Africans

61. Any of: high taxes, the British army stayed in their houses, because they didn’t have self-government

62. Thomas Jefferson

63. July 4, 1776

64. Any three of: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia.

65. The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.

66. 1787

67. Any one of: James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, Publius

68. Any one of: U.S. diplomat, oldest member of the Constitutional Convention, first Postmaster General of the United States, writer of ‘Poor Richard’s Almanac’, started the first free libraries

69. George Washington

70. George Washington

Part B: The 1800s

71. Louisiana

72. Any one of: War of 1812, Mexican-American War, Civil War, Spanish-American War.

73. The Civil War

74. Slavery, economic reasons, states’ rights

75. Any one of: freed the slaves, saved (or preserved) the Union, led the United States during the Civil War.

76. Freed the slaves

77. Fought for women’s and civil rights

Part C: Recent American History and Other Important Historical Information

78. Any one of: World War I, World War II, Korean War, Vietnam War, Gulf War.

79. Woodrow Wilson

80. Franklin Roosevelt

81. Japan, Germany, and Italy

82. World War II

83. Communism

84. Civil rights movement

85. Fought for civil rights, worked for equality for all Americans

86. Terrorists attacked the United States.

87. Any of: Cherokee, Navajo, Sioux, Chippewa, Choctaw, Pueblo, Apache, Iroquois, Creek, Blackfeet, Seminole, Cheyenne, Arawak, Shawnee, Mohegan, Huron, Oneida, Lakota, Crow, Teton, Hopi, Inuit.

Section 3 – Integrated Civics

Part A – Geography

88. Either of: Missouri River or Mississippi River

89. Pacific

90. Atlantic

91. Any one of: Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Northern Mariana Islands, Guam.

92. Any one of: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Washington, Alaska.

93. Any one of: California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas.

94. Washington, D.C.

95. New York Harbor or Liberty Island. [Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson River]

Part B: Symbols

96. Because there were 13 original colonies

97. Because there are 50 states

98. The Star-Spangled Banner

Part C: Holidays

99. July 4

100. Any two of: New Year’s Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Presidents’ Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Columbus Day, Veterans Day, Thanksgiving, Christmas.


Source: U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services